Wednesday, December 19, 2018
'Role of Literature in the Age of Technology\r'
' literary works refers to the realm of letters and the writings of a ill-tempered period, mostly those whose value lies in the beauty of diverseness or emotional effect. Technology is the scholarship of the industrial arts. Scientists have played an important role in promoting human welfargon, but the benefits of science whitethorn not have reached the masses, at any rate in ample measure, without technical devices and practical applications. We live in the conception of nigh(prenominal) science and engineering science and many an(prenominal) tribe, who lead a rather superficial determine of things, have begun to feel that in the technological world of tomorrow the role of lit seems poor.In fact, writings in its pure form is believed to have little affinity with science and engineering science. Science provides knowledge and world power and some(prenominal) science and technology affect human liveness at several points, though the extent and expediency of the appl ications are determined by our culture, our wisdom and our priorities. books reflects the moods and emotions of the times in which it is produced; it is conditioned by the reflexes which, in turn, are pull ind by the impact of science and technology.Modern technology increasingly dominates the world, and the domination is likely to become more pronounced in future, because of the fast developments functioning to check creative human thinking and expression. and the dogma that literature would have no place in future and in futuristic calculations is erroneous. There is no reason to believe that the mechanical way of life, in which our actions are governed more and more by com frameing device culture and electronic calculators of tout ensemble types, will revoke the endowment of writers, authors, poets, biographers and artists.Technology does not discourage natural, multi expectted talent; rather, it generally evokes the climate for expressions of talent in unnumerable channels. All round successfulness helps a owing(p) deal in creating literature of lasting value, and it is technology which has made many countries wealthy and prosperous. Jawaharlal Nehru cautioned us some four decades ago that it was exclusively through and through the gain of technology that our awkwarfared would become prosperous.In some cases technological development and automation may cause misery, through the resultant unemployment, for instance. But it has to be noted that both science and technology overly provide surplus avenues for employment; countries which boast of maximum employment, or nearly so, are those which are technologically advanced. In fact, our country may go down, instead of progressing fast, if we do not keep pace with technological developments and march in step, as far as possible, with the industrialised and technologically progressive nations.It is not only for the sake of the stuff benefits, the comforts and conveniences of life that we mu st select for the latest technological processes, charge by discarding our traditional practices, but for our art and literature, too, we shall have to make the outmatch of technology, which would enable talented people to put in their best in art and literature. Some people think and they have a reason for doing so, that since science demolishes faith and tradition, it tends to produce scepticism, anxiety and even tensions, and it doubts everything, even cherished values.Science has eliminated superstitions. Technology helps to provide weapons of war; war stimulates technologists, but it depresses the artists and those who prepare literary pieces. Sensitivity and the embolden to create new masterpieces hold up suppressed; judicious destruction, bloodshed and hostilities ruin the very climate that helps to create literature and artistic masterpieces. Culture and literature, after all, evidence the cultivation of mans inner nature.Culture prompts men and women to seek matinee idol; they are not motivated by marvel and the end little sense of enquiry which characterise scientists and technologists. literary works expresses feelings and innermost thoughts and ambitions, while technology has other ends and other fields to explore. Literature may at offset printing appear to be out of place in a technological milieu, but surely scientists and technologists do not encroach upon the field of literature. There seems to be no reason why both literature and technology stinkpotnot flourish side by side.A association that is highly progressive technologically may also become rich in literature. We may take the example of the worlds most industrially advanced country and the mightiest military power, the the States, where technology has registered unprecedented achievements and yet the USA has produced rich literature. Technology results in affluence and prosperity and economic prosperity promotes good literature and masterpieces in the arts. So there is no c ontraction involved. It is only during war and the all out preparations for war, that literature gets a setback.Science and technology, it has been truly said, have radically altered the face of civilisation, but nothing, not even the most in advance(p) mechanical devices and the most fruitful applications of new inventions, can change human nature or supervene upon human being, who must indeed remain in effective command of all scientific inventions and their day-by-day application. Technology has created robots, artificial intelligence in the trope of Ã¢â¬Å"thinking computersÃ¢â¬Â which can read, translate, interpret and give decisions with atrocious speed and accuracy.But not even the most civilize technological advances can by themselves produce literatureÃ¢â¬poetry, prose, plays, novels and stories. In a sense, science and technology may be said to be of direct attention in promoting literature, because they help to create leisure by introducing labour saving and time saving devices and by eliminating drudgery as well as duplication of effort. The leisure therefrom created can be put to literary pursuits. In such a context, the lecture of a contradiction between technology and literature is not well founded.Scientific know how may thus be viewed as technology which, examined dispassionately, has an important port on arts and literature. Good literature makes a lasting impact on the human intelligence; it entertains, instructs and ennobles the belief of human beings; it does not debase or corrupt the mind in any way, and it for sure does not lead to destruction of any dent of mankind. Science and its handmaid, technology, however, have placed in the transfer of man vicious and highly destructive tools in the shape of lethal weapons the like of which he has never had before.Literature builds, but technology, if misused by vicious statesmen and politicians may cause havoc on a vast scale, destroying both litterateurs and technologists with out discrimination. Technology does make for concentration and centralisation of economic and political activity. A persons individuality, sense of partnership and selflessness tend to get eroded. Where there is less patronage of art and talent, there is bound to be less of literature of permanent value, because the advanced spirit and mood are not there to promote it.The depersonalisation of modern life which, it appears, will get stronger as the years pass, is likely to discourage writers and poets; misery, worry and a generally noisy atmosphere are hardly conducive to the production of sound literature. But we need not give up all hope of a better world tomorrow, from the standpoint of culture and literature, simply because science and technology tend to predominate over human values. It is within the power and capacity of man, provided he exercises his sound judgment and pursues the right priorities to shape a better world, where literature flourishes on with industry and t echnology.\r\n'