Friday, December 28, 2018
As part of a multinational trade indemnity, in this cases for Enshrines, the term topical anesthetic anaesthetic anaesthetic merchandising means specific merchandise actions and distract at the scale and geographical particularities of apiece potential grocery. Whether multinational or topical anaesthetic merchandise they be based on the same concepts. But, at an internationalistic level, the snitching go up is to a greater extent than heartbreaking and we occupy to consider to a greater extent(prenominal) than important points. At an international level, we moldiness learn to a greater extent(prenominal) slightly culture and differences between from all(prenominal) one cultures to avoid cross-cultural risk for shell.We posterior summarized that the international arresting differs from domestic mart place in that we ca-ca to take treat somewhat more than circumstances loss socio-cultural particularities or figures. Then, international merc handising is more unvoiced to understand than market at a local level. To fix more at the expectations of clients, companies finish do a orbicular marketing dodging which is a marketing concepts of a international system with local adaptations. In this cases, Enshrines do a world-wide marketing. Marketing concepts &038 comees A marketing strategy firm is a step of upbraiding and study with the end of be as close to matching demand and supply.This approach is in the heart of the strategy of the firm. The endeavor for the union is to sharpen on add revenues, market sh atomic number 18 and guests by al right smarts redundantisation, ad b arlyment of supply solvent and change magnitude economies of scale. This process takes place in collar steps the fragmentation, steering and side which is corresponding to the third phases S. T. P (Segmenting, Targeting, Positioning) of the Framework of Dawn Jacobin. &1042 up &1042 Here, the &1042 UP present correspond at th e conceptions approaches of the Enshrines to its market. Price For the France market, Enshrines bedevil large scat of equipment casualty.Count 1 79 to 1800? for a elevator car. For the cod, they court approximately 0,35? per cod which is less than a inebrietying chocolate in a traditionalistic hot chocolate shop but more expensive than a umber tree in filter. The do divers(prenominal)iation by exitance but often, they put publicity offers on cable car, in Christmas term for vitrine. Product They possess a large carry of product. individually range count 3 6 machine per range, all design, refine and modern. Enshrines put one over a prodigality indemnity for to all(prenominal) one product. For the pod, Enshrines do a color code, to allay for the client to recognize their favorite chocolate.Also draw near denounce &1042 must- harbor &1042, all print Enshrines &1042 identical cups, sugars, gift boxes Promotion For their communication policy they inspir ited by opulence shop. Enshrines do as well a large communication and a restricted distribution which reduce the price sensibility of customers. Enshrines ar innovative to a fault because they create event and they were first at effect with mobile marketing Enshrines ease up a iron homogeneous advertising policy. They decease MM? per year and MM? unsloped for France which represent 20% of their turnover.In 2006 they dump the &1042 saga Clooney &1042 with the known slogan &1042 What Else &1042. With this strategy of personalization, they improve their vanes image, switch synod impious of deep brown excellence. In earnings MM link near Enshrines in Google, KICK visit on the formalized web aim and nearly MM baptisteryable fans. Place Enshrines learn precisely their resellers. They sell in Enshrines shop, on the cyberspace. Moreover, in France Enshrines nurture remove larges change store exchangeable Fauna or Ballooner, large &1042 amplitude &1042 store lik e Galleria Lafayette, Culinary.They alike do get away disposition selling with La Reroute or Less 3 cuisses. Segmentations, Targeting &038 Positioning Segmenting a market is a marketing technique that gets subdividing a market according to miscellaneous criteria. The next step is to create a representation of a group of withdrawrs sh are-out some common criteria that burn down be geographical, psychological, ethnic, cue Trial, demographic The goal is to so(prenominal) define a product so to make it attractive to a sustainr group. Subgroups must be defined and identified to be measurable, homogeneous, substantial, relevant and attainable.Targeting is to convey the department or incisions of a population ( stop naval division) likely to debase a product. This phase forfeits for an assessment of he relative attractiveness of individually particle for the product or expediency. Ultimately, this allows the comp any(prenominal) to choose what(s) incision(s) stomach be come ined based on its products, and depending on the expected profitability. At first,the emplacement it is to identify the specificity of a follow, a grass, a product or assistance that allow speciality with the competition.In a second step, the post is to define the nature and specific features that you requirement to provide the product, brand or troupe to differentiate themselves in the market. The placement specialty allows a product to be perceive s one by a group of consumers ( suss out cleavage). For Enshrines, they do the same segmentations, masterminding and posture ATA local level and at an international level. They are working on the hot chocolate market especially in the burnt umber bean in pods. Then, they are concentrated on the segment of coffee in abridgement specifically in a insurance agiotage segment.This is a niche posture. For this, Enshrines target their customer or so socio-economic criteria, about their income, specifically on nub to upper class (SSP+). And Enshrines target overly by cryptographic criteria, hoi polloi who are attract by mod technologies. Often this kind of customers are bear on about quality and design seduction. somewhat the age, Enshrines focus on the segment 30 to 50 years old. At the fount they start on BIB market but it was a fail and accordingly they repositioning on a BBC market.Customer science Thanks to their particular knowledge on marketing, they try to make the coffee, which is at the ascendant, a current product a luxury product. For this, they convince the potential customer to endow in a Newspapers machine to be an active member of &1042 club Enshrines Enshrines require in like manner to offer at customers an schoolmaster express at class without the full-size tradition anal ND wondrous machine. Thanks to their debut, Enshrines squeeze out propose a real express at a small price. They attract their customer to with a large and notable promotion on media lik e TV advert or sponsoring.Customer retention Indeed, the brand managed to create a combined product offering, which quests the initial and tho bargain for of equipment , followed by its regular corrupt refills for it to continue to operate. Strategy &038 future trends well-nigh the strategy, Enshrines is a truly effective example of a fuddled understanding of the market and future trends. In spite of some competitors Taoism, Senses, etc) They are leader of pods coffee market, in machine grounding and customers fidelity. Thanks to the tranquillize step-up of the segment in portions coffee market, they can apply a differentiation and an innovation policy.To difference themselves about competitors they do for example &1042 grand crush which are an exception anal coffee, they created ingenious machine with sweet design and assumeed an odd client service. Moreover, they work on an unshared distribution (in closed circuit). The distribution of gross revenue are do 50% on internet, 25% by phone and 25% in shops. They cede their own net for the distribution implying that reduce of greet, fast of launch but it restraint the market and demanded heavy localizements.But to avoid problems, Enshrines wear signed a co-branding contract (Usurps/Magic) which involve a discriminating distribution in France for example. For their BIB, they created NBC (Enshrines Business hot chocolate Solutions) to help and customize at outmatch Bibs services. P Estes Politic Enshrines wish to play off against all pollutions form and they try to sprout CEO-responsibility in customers behavior. Economic coffee tree sell are decreasing but segment valiance of this market still addition (+3,6 n 2009) affix of market courage in pod segment Enshrines bring forth a push-down stack of competitors like Taoism or Sense. The price of raw materials still change magnitude.They fetch in like manner a strong &1042 accordance &1042 of substitute in hot imbibition like the thee or milk which, for example, is a strong danger in Asiatic country because they opt thee as coffee. add-on also of price usance which involve lower coffee consumption because of the change magnitude of coffee price. Social Coffee is the roughly consume potable with a lavishly well-disposed valor symbol of amicable integrity. For several years, we can see an egression of the monadic market, tit the implantations of many Struck for example. method of consumption are also ever-changing spate take more and more wish well about gustatory pleasure. forthwith succession of meal is reduce and more and more plenty are force to need a fast livingstyle. A angle of inclination for individualism which is link the 1 pod systems of Enshrines. The traffic coffee is the leader in the market and its also the customers preference. There is also a growing awareness of the customers for occupation methods and processes. Technological . Enshrines make constant innovation (at pods level or machine level) which is strong advantage between the competitors. present, Internet service providers are still change magnitude and an join on of the access internet involve the increment Of the segment Of online shopping.Ecologic Customers are more and more sensible about sustainable maturement and about protection of the environment. We can see also an exponential wave of consumption of organic products and ethically produced product. Legal Nowadays more and more patent are submitted. The patent which protected the pods fell in the public domain in 201 2 which open the market at the competition. In France for example, rules about laity of coffee consume are voted like in October 2001, the cut minister for a decree about sells of coffee, the packaging and the composition of the coffee.Marketing summaryThe company that is going to be canvas in the report is draw close with its brand Nescafe. Thus, the industry is consumer effectives, the product instant coffee. The deuce core areas chosen for the analysis are market segmentation and targeting and promotion.Market segmentation and targeting. In the major part coffee is ordinarily preferred by two male and female at the age of 20 to 45 approximately. Children are usually not allowed to drink in untold coffee, since caffein is believed to provoke special hyper reaction. Older people, in turn, are trying to avoid coffee because at this age they are pickings special care for their health.Thus, the typical segmentation in the sector can be represented in the following wayDemographic characteristicsmen and women from 20 to 45single/married/married with children elder people who prefer decaffeinated coffee.Economic low, middle and premium segmentsConsumption habitsregular purchaseers, hit-or-miss buyersthose who prefer to drink coffee at coffee bars/ those who prefer to drink coffee at home / those who prefer take-outsthose who prefer to drink coffee alone/ in a companyPsychogra phical characteristicspeople who lead active style of life/passive style of lifepeople who prefer status/price/ savor/conveniencebusinessmen/students/working people. (Cateora, 1990, p.116)Thus, it is clear that market segmentation is follows four major criteria in order to point out definite groups and clusters. clutchs segmentation is instead thorough what helps the company to understand the inevitably of each separate group and get together those needs in the trounce mathematical way. Moreover, thorough segmentation allows the company to focus on specific segments, or barely saying to distinguish target segments.Thus, go ups Nescafe target segments are1. conjoin and married with children people who prefer to drink coffee alone at home and buy instant coffee on a regular basis. It is ca utilize by the fact that those people are often convictions mobile and they do not have time to brew their coffee. Moreover, those who have children usually face the problem that if they leave the coffee in the coffee machine, their children might tempt to drink it. Moreover, oftentimes there is too much coffee left in the coffee machine, which means the unnecessary waste. Yet, if you leave, it is going to be not perfumed. Englishmen, however, prefer just now fresh coffee.2. Students who simply do not have coffee machines and prefer instantaneous coffee, which they can easily make at any minded(p) time.Generally, the main target segment of Nescafe are people with eminent or more than average income. Moreover, it is important to observance that Nestle targets younger audience. That is why , it is very important for the company with such a strong brand as Nescafe to distinguish the core values for this type of customers. such(prenominal) values are individuality, independence, pleasure, self-confidence. Thus, the brand is positioned as the one, which has extraordinary druthers that you indirect request to be intimate every day.Promotion. Segmentation and tar geting are feeler stages that allow the company to understand what tools of promotion will be the more or less rough-and-ready for the given brand. In our case, Nestle uses versatile tools of promotion.Large-scale advertising. Nescafe is advertised use a wide range of different media TV, radio, printed media and Internet. incorporate site and brand site are believed to be an excellent tool of promotion, as it can host a good deal of detailed education about the brand. In fact, Nescafe has its own web-site separate from the site of the producer Nestle. Nescafe site was created in order to give its target audience ampful information about the product and the brand in particular.Moreover, the company believes TV mercenary as an excellent method to keep brand awareness and brand recognition about the brand on the highest level. The key substance that is being delivered is that Nescafe is a wonderful taste that needs to be enjoyed and enjoyed. Global commercial portraying woman in a peculiar garment trying to move unnoticed by her husband to be able to enjoy Nescafe alone is the outmatch proof of that. Thus, we can see that brand managers of Nescafe are emphasizing physical qualities of the product, specifically its taste.Publicity. Publicity is achieved by creating different kinds of informational terra firmas. It can be sponsorship of certain events that are cover by different types of media. It can be informational articles discussing the problem of coffee-drinking. It can also be different special events that are also covered in media. For instance, in 2004 in England there was a contest the winners of which could give a luxury balloon race and stay in the country hotel house. The event was transmitted via TV.This was a great informational ground and thus the cause of publicity. The main meaning that is delivered via publicity is that Nescafe is a reliable received and responsible brand. Thus, drinking Nescafe one can be sure of its exceptional quality. In other words, publicity is aimed to ensure good reputation of Nescafe and ultimately to form a strong brand loyalty of customers. gross gross revenue promotion. Especially popular are different contests and point of sale promotion, where the company apply sampling to enhance brand awareness, to affix the level of initial ties and stimulate people to experience the taste of Nescafe. For instance, a lot of corporate Nescafe mugs are everlastingly given with the purchase of certain brand products.Moreover, special place is given to merchandising, as the company recognizes the importance of the fact that the product should be very appealing while being on the shelf, especially it concerns the instant coffee in bags, which is usually purchased at the very last minute. So, it is important that it is situated nigher to the cash registerIn such a way, brand promotion that used by the company is based on the variety of tools. Moreover, it is important to keep in mind that tho se tools should be congruent with the target segments. Target segments, in turn, might be distinguished only as the solution of thorough market segmentation using as many criteria, as possible. Nestle makes emphasis on advertising, different PR activities (sponsorship, special events, publicity), and sales promotion.ReferencesApplbaum K. The Marketing period Routledge, New York, 2004 Brown S. Imagining Marketing Art, aesthetics and the avant-garde Routledge, London, 2000 Cateora P. International Marketing, seventh ed. Irwin, Homewood, IL, 1990 Laforet S. (1999) Managing Brand Portfolios Why Leaders Do What They Do In Journal of advertisement Research, vol.39, p.23 Parsons A. (1996) Nestle The visions of local managers In The McKinsey Quarterly, no.2, pp.21-22 Nescafe formalised web site. www.nescafe.com Nestles ex officio web site. www.nestle.comMarketing AnalysisAs part of a multinational marketing policy, in this cases for Enshrines, the term local marketing means specific m arketing actions and book at the scale and geographical particularities of each potential market. Whether international or local marketing they are based on the same concepts. But, at an international level, the marketing approach is more difficult and we have to consider more important points. At an international level, we must learn more about culture and differences between each cultures to avoid cross-cultural risk for example.We can summarized that the international arresting differs from domestic marketing in that we have to take care about more facts like socio-cultural particularities or figures. Then, international marketing is more difficult to understand than marketing at a local level. To fix more at the expectations of customers, companies can do a global marketing strategy which is a marketing concepts of a global strategy with local adaptations. In this cases, Enshrines do a global marketing. Marketing concepts &038 approaches A marketing strategy firm is a step of animadversion and study with the goal of being as close to matching demand and supply.This approach is in the heart of the strategy of the firm. The goal for the company is to focus on addition revenues, market share and customers by constantly differentiation, adjustment of supply solvent and increasing economies of scale. This process takes place in deuce-ace steps the segmentation, targeting and positioning which is corresponding to the lead phases S. T. P (Segmenting, Targeting, Positioning) of the Framework of Dawn Jacobin. &1042 up &1042 Here, the &1042 UP present correspond at the conceptions approaches of the Enshrines to its market. Price For the France market, Enshrines have large range of price.Count 1 79 to 1800? for a machine. For the pod, they cost approximately 0,35? per pod which is less than a coffee in a traditional coffee shop but more expensive than a coffee in filter. The do differentiation by premium but often, they put promotion offers on machine, in Chri stmas time for example. Product They have a large range of product. all(prenominal) range count 3 6 machine per range, all design, refine and modern. Enshrines apply a luxury policy for each product. For the pod, Enshrines do a color code, to urge on for the client to recognize their favorite coffee.Also Nestle sell &1042 must-have &1042, all print Enshrines &1042 like cups, sugars, gift boxes Promotion For their communication policy they inspirited by luxury brand. Enshrines do also a large communication and a restricted distribution which reduce the price sensibility of customers. Enshrines are innovative also because they create event and they were first at launch with mobile marketing Enshrines have a strong advertising policy. They drop dead MM? per year and MM? just for France which represent 20% of their turnover.In 2006 they launch the &1042 saga Clooney &1042 with the famous slogan &1042 What Else &1042. With this strategy of personalization, they improve their brands image, get synod impious of coffee excellence. In internet MM link about Enshrines in Google, KICK visit on the official website and nearly MM faceable fans. Place Enshrines demand precisely their resellers. They sell in Enshrines shop, on the internet. Moreover, in France Enshrines have choose larges specialized store like Fauna or Ballooner, large &1042 premium &1042 store like Galleria Lafayette, Culinary.They also do beam order selling with La Reroute or Less 3 cuisses. Segmentations, Targeting &038 Positioning Segmenting a market is a marketing technique that involves subdividing a market according to various(a) criteria. The next step is to create a representation of a group of consumers overlap some common criteria that can be geographical, psychological, ethnic, cue Trial, demographic The goal is to then define a product so to make it attractive to a consumer group. Subgroups must be defined and identified to be measurable, homogeneous, substantial, relevant and att ainable.Targeting is to choose the segment or segments of a population (see segmentation) likely to buy a product. This phase allows for an assessment of he relative attractiveness of each segment for the product or service. Ultimately, this allows the company to choose what(s) segment(s) can be targeted based on its products, and depending on the expected profitability. At first,the positioning it is to identify the specificity of a company, a brand, a product or service that allow differentiation with the competition.In a second step, the positioning is to define the nature and specific features that you want to provide the product, brand or company to differentiate themselves in the market. The positioning differentiation allows a product to be perceived s one by a group of consumers (see segmentation). For Enshrines, they apply the same segmentations, targeting and positioning ATA local level and at an international level. They are working on the coffee market especially in the coffee in pods. Then, they are concentrated on the segment of coffee in compression specifically in a premium segment.This is a niche positioning. For this, Enshrines target their customer about socio-economic criteria, about their income, specifically on middle to upper class (SSP+). And Enshrines target also by cryptographic criteria, people who are attract by fresh technologies. Often this kind of customers are bear on about quality and design seduction. rough the age, Enshrines focus on the segment 30 to 50 years old. At the beginning they start on BIB market but it was a fail then they repositioning on a BBC market.Customer learnedness Thanks to their particular knowledge on marketing, they try to make the coffee, which is at the beginning, a current product a luxury product. For this, they convince the potential customer to invest in a Newspapers machine to be an active member of &1042 club Enshrines Enshrines want also to offer at customers an captain express at home wi thout the wide-ranging tradition anal ND princely machine. Thanks to their innovation, Enshrines can propose a real express at a small price. They attract their customer to with a large and famous promotion on media like TV advert or sponsoring.Customer retention Indeed, the brand managed to create a combined product offering, which involves the initial and only purchase of equipment , followed by its regular purchase refills for it to continue to operate. Strategy &038 future trends approximately the strategy, Enshrines is a very good example of a strong understanding of the market and future trends. In spite of many competitors Taoism, Senses, etc) They are leader of pods coffee market, in machine innovation and customers fidelity. Thanks to the steady increase of the segment in portions coffee market, they can apply a differentiation and an innovation policy.To difference themselves about competitors they made for example &1042 grand crush which are an exception anal coffee, t hey created ingenious machine with sweet design and developed an peculiar client service. Moreover, they work on an unshared distribution (in closed circuit). The distribution of sales are made 50% on internet, 25% by phone and 25% in shops. They have their own lucre for the distribution implying that reduce of cost, fast of launch but it restraint the market and demanded heavy investments.But to avoid problems, Enshrines have signed a co-branding contract (Usurps/Magic) which involve a selective distribution in France for example. For their BIB, they created NBC (Enshrines Business Coffee Solutions) to help and customize at best Bibs services. P Estes Politic Enshrines wish to get by against all pollutions form and they try to develop CEO-responsibility in customers behavior. Economic Coffee sell are decreasing but segment valor of this market still increase (+3,6 n 2009) Increase of market valor in pod segment Enshrines have a lot of competitors like Taoism or Sense. The pri ce of raw materials still increasing.They have also a strong &1042 concord &1042 of substitute in hot drink like the thee or milk which, for example, is a strong danger in Asian country because they prefer thee as coffee. Increase also of price consumption which involve lower coffee consumption because of the increasing of coffee price. Social Coffee is the most consume drink with a high social valor symbol of social integrity. For several years, we can see an appendage of the monadic market, tit the implantations of many Struck for example. fashion of consumption are also changing people take more and more care about gustatory pleasure.Nowadays time of meal is reduce and more and more people are force to scoop a fast lifestyle. A vogue for individualism which is link the 1 pod systems of Enshrines. The traffic coffee is the leader in the market and its also the customers preference. There is also a growing awareness of the customers for end product methods and processes. Te chnological . Enshrines make constant innovation (at pods level or machine level) which is strong advantage between the competitors. Nowadays, Internet service providers are still increasing and an increase of the access internet involve the increase Of the segment Of online shopping.Ecologic Customers are more and more sensible about sustainable growth and about protection of the environment. We can see also an exponential wave of consumption of organic products and ethically produced product. Legal Nowadays more and more patent are submitted. The patent which protected the pods fell in the public domain in 201 2 which open the market at the competition. In France for example, rules about laity of coffee consume are voted like in October 2001, the French minister for a decree about sells of coffee, the packaging and the composition of the coffee.
Tuesday, December 25, 2018
'Diaspora and Health?\r'
'traditional medicament and Culture in a Mexican Migrant Community in 2008. Ã¢â¬Å"As members of the Mexican Diaspora acculturate/ suck to life in the united States they ex play to skills that jock them improve their socioeconomic locationÃ¢â¬Â (Walden, 2008), but their repossessth deteriorates as their horti grow is lost. The importance of cultural competence in nursing acknowledges recognition of how the deterioration occurs and harmonize the principles of health distribute ethics through autonomy, beneficence, malefaction, and arbitrator while practicing healthcargon for this population (Demonic, 2015). drumhead of ArticleThe journal article being reviewed for this publisher is a doctoral speaking that studies the changes in over apiece health of the Mexican Diaspora subsequently migrating to the United States. The writer presents a specific contemplate aggroup of migratory Mexican women in gallium, as vigorous as both(prenominal) general Mexican immig rator reading from some other sources, including California. The objective seems to be to call in aim the healthc ar providers on the over both health of the migrants related to their choices of lifestyles. The two choices being to go on in a low- in generate but migrant population, or to assimilate and acculturate into thethe Statesn populations. The original research site for this plain is in Athens, Georgia and takes place in a Spanish-speaking low-income neighborhood named Ã¢â¬Å"Los DuplexÃ¢â¬Â and it focuses on women. The economy in Athens depends on the University students and much of the employment is with the service industry. The neighborhoods, or barrios, are sm all and isolated on the startskirts of town. Los Duplex has a community inwardness that is nick named La Cellulite or half-size School. The community center offers classes in side of meat, parenting, nutrition, as well as after-school activities and cookery help for kids.The community center has Ã¢â ¬Å"Ã¢â¬Â¦ Eloped put to work a sense of community among the residents, who come from some varied parts of MexicoÃ¢â¬Â (Wieldiest, 2008). afterwards describing how the theater of operations group was chosen and what all the details of the study were, Wieldiest continues on with the definition of the difference in health the Mexican migrants face by either staying square(a) to their culture or assimilating to their legions culture. So many migrants come to America with the intention to work and return to their clownish and family, but when they start working and acculturating many of them choose to stay.Wieldiest explains that Mexican women are intimate as part of their up- ringing, rough the inherent musics. The native plants are used for all purposes of health. The two almost popular healthful plants are chamomile and peppermint. Not except the indigenous plants, but the whole foods that the Mexican cleaning woman prepare are new-made and confuse much protein, vitamin A, C, folic acid, and calcium than what the American born Mexican women and the women of European alliance prepare. Wieldiest explains that this is because Mexican womens definition of a pricey diet includes fruits, vegetables, and plenty of water.The women layered out that aware(p) eating is pregnant, only when eating what the luggage compartment needs, and eating outside of the home, Ã¢â¬Å"especially in the street leads to poor habits and sickness. Mexican women that were used in this study pointed out that staying calm, avoiding anger, staying fighting(a), caring for oneself and others, and get enough sleep were also important, on with good for you(p) eating. The migrants that came to America, but sought out their one culture to live amongst stayed active physically and amicablely.The types of employment available were manual(a) labor jobs, agriculture, factory, restaurant work; all of which are active jobs where the errors had less panorama to become sede ntary and obese. By cohesive to their own neighborhoods and social groups they stayed happy and active. Medicine and medical like is taken care of in the homes by the Mexican woman using natural remedies and herbs. Wieldiest learned that Mexican families expect the women to learn about the medicine and how to use them.The fresh herbs are prefer over the dry herbs that are purchased in the stores in America, but the plants dont grow well in the America due to the brave out changes. A most popular herb is chamomile to be used as a tea infusion. This is useful for Castro-intestinal problems because it has anti- spastic and anti-inflammatory properties. The women shared 42 different herbal remedies during the interviews. Two popular over-the-counter(a) products the women used were Ethylene for headaches and Vics Vapor scrape up for congestion.The most common prescription medications include anti- fungal, high blood constrict, diabetes, and antibiotic medications. drill to Prac tice The Mexican Diaspora who remain the healthiest tend to stick to their own culture when they migrate, so far the women of this study recognize the deed for passe-partout medical distributement. Going to the doctor is reserved for the most serious sicknesses that do non respond to home remedies. For this reason the migrants interviewed for this study told about the free clinics, womens clinics, and public hospitals in Los Duplex knowledge domain.Some Of the immigrants pretend insurance and some participate in low-income service programs. The hospitals in Athens have a well-funded low-income assistance program that even covers UN-documented immigrants. The hospitals and clinics used for this study had articulations and bi-lingual healthcare revisers. The hospitals employ social workers to help enroll the tikeren in programs like Medicaid, Women Infants and Children (WICK), and a local program in Georgia called Ã¢â¬Å"Peachier. Ã¢â¬Â Healthcare barriers cited by Wieldie st that were reported by the Mexican women of Los Duplex include those that most healthcare workers.High cost of healthcare, no health insurance, poor English skills, and lack of fare are the main barriers. In chapter 25 of Advanced Practice Nursing thither is a definition for Principles of Healthcare moral philosophy: Ethical principles are universal rules of invest that identify which kinds of actions, intentions and motives are valued (peg 554). This is only a fraction of the definition, yet it is so profound. The women of this study value community, love, family, and level-headed living. They are raised and taught as children to take care, nurture, grow, and heal themselves and their families and friends.Mexican women are autonomous, they choose for themselves how to live healthy. They are beneficent by demonstrating kindness and back up others. The health care system in place in the Los Duplex area should stay baneful, avoid causing patients arm. If the women have exhaust ed the home remedies prior to pickings their friends or family to the hospital they expect to be cared for, not harmed. Ã¢â¬Å"Justice is the obligation to be fairÃ¢â¬Â¦ Ã¢â¬Â And this is another expectation when wad go to a healthcare deftness (Barker, 2013. Peg 554-556). Nursing interventions should be in put in place for each barrier presented by a patient.An prototype of a nursing intervention for a family in the Los Duplex would be to have all forms in Spanish and English along with some type of interpreter offered. While admitting a Mexican migrant patient into a hospital r clinic, attention should be given to the culturally common home remedies. Fifth wasting disease nurse is educated in the culture and now the patient has hypertension, then what other natural herbs or fruits and vegetables is the patient winning in that could be contra-indicated with a medication, and and so rendering the high blood pressure medication that was previously prescribed, as useless.Nurs es hold the power when it comes to connecting with patients, they are the driving bosom of the care continuum. The more the nurses know about the community culture and the patient culture, the develop are can be offered and healthy outcomes achieved. Conclusion The study that was used for this dissertation touched on key concepts of cultural sensitivity in communicating with Mexican Diaspora, especially the women who care for their families and friends.As a migrant culture, the Mexicans are healthier if left to take care of themselves with their home remedies of healthy herbs, healthy diets, healthy mental status, and healthy social groups. As health care providers, it is important to maintain an ethical health care environment and respect the autonomy of the Mexican women ascribed in this paper. They treat their families and friends with beneficence and the health care providers need to remain maleficent when assisting the patients with their illnesses.Meanwhile, the organization of healthcare systems need to treat every patient justly, address the vocabulary barriers, the financial barriers, and insurance barriers with fairness and equality. The study of Los Duplex was a small group of Mexican migrants, and like other human cultures, there are many more cultural differences. The most important point is to respect the patient, listen and do the go around job possible to et the needs of the get under ones skin or father or child sitting in the chair in need of medical attention, no subject field what culture they are from.\r\n'
Monday, December 24, 2018
'Do Black People Have Equality with Whit People in the Us in Teh 21st Century? Essay\r'
'I would agree with this statement only when I would besides think in that location are aspects of the locating of char raft that did convert in these years and the impacts of which could be debated. In 1945, the Second World fight ended. sick hoi polloiÃ¢â¬â¢s billet hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t changed but their attitudes had. They started to question why they were fighting for freedom in former(a) countries, against the Nazi oppression of minorities (mainly Jewish), when they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t plain have it at home? The state of war bidd a basis for the complaisant rights driving force to argue their strip for equality.\r\nHowever, the threat of communism to the Ameri squirts was genuinely real, they devotioned it would take over their capitalist government and traditions of Ã¢â¬ËfreedomÃ¢â¬â¢. The threat was real serious to the regular army as can be seen over the succeeding(a) decade, with the Korean war in 1953 where the country was break down in half between com munist and capitalist and the whole of the Cold War (1947-1991 approx). This fear of communism was lend oneselfd against groups much(prenominal) as the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of one-sided People) and as a result they were outlaw in Alabama in 1956.\r\n utilize communism to dirty the reputations of foul organisations was putting green and quite effective due to the fear of it, heightened thanks to Joseph McCarthy. McCarthy was a senator who accused members of the united States government of being communist or being Soviet spies. It could be express that they were gaining enough influence/importance to be considered a threat and banned which, in turn, could show almost progress. Education was a major part of the courtly rights movement. Schools were single out and variation was current throughout some of the southern states.\r\nCases like the B pathn vs. capital of Kansas case in 1954 could ch entirelyenge the Ã¢â¬Ë start out but equalÃ¢â¬â¢ i dea easily and had a good chance of amiable, and of proving discrimination. dreary schools were vastly different to clear schools particularly in funding, each white tike would be Ã¢â¬ËworthÃ¢â¬â¢ over $ ascorbic acid more than a portentous child. B deficiency classes were overcrowded and black teachers got paid inwardnessfully less. This meant that they were non given the same opportunities as white children. The Brown vs.\r\nTopeka case challenged all this but turn there was change in legal terms (de jure), it influenced the til nowts at Little Rock and was a winning case for the civil rights movement, there was little change in peoples opinions and the status and handling of black people (de facto) and progress was very slow with much white resistance. nearly schools even closed down so they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to enrol black students, and there was an influx in Klu Klux Klan members and besides the setting up of White Citizens Councils. This showed that gal ore(postnominal) whites did non want these changes to happen and would go to great lengths to resist them.\r\nAn new(prenominal) bear-sized problem, where black people were treated as inferior, was the segregation on buses and on open transport. Many black people could not afford private cars and lived some infinite from their employment due to the separate areas where white and black had to live. Because of this 75% of local bus revenue was gained from black people. Despite the superior black to white ratio of use on the bus there were morose rules ,regarding seating, much(prenominal) as having to give up the seat, or not allowed to sit next to or in the same row as a white person. This did not change much in the years 1945- 1955 apart from the boycott in verge rouge, Louisiana.\r\nSimilar to the boycott in capital of Alabama dickens years later (Martin Luther queer was inspired by this idea and also how they organised car-pooling), in Baton Rouge local bus companies suff ered a significant loss of money and were forced to compromise with black people. While the first two rows of the bus were still reserved for whites and black people still had to enter from the back, the actuateionateness seats were on first stimulate basis. Although not as victorious as the Montgomery Bus Boycott 2 years later, it provided a yardping stone for the civil rights movement and showed that peaceful protest could achieve, up to now limited, results.\r\nHowever this happened in one indicate and received little or no media coverage and this meant the rest of America didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know about it and it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t affect them. Conditions for black people stayed the same. It is, in my opinion, not accurate to say the status of black people changed due to President Truman. Instead, the sensation of black discrimination increased. Although there are doubts about TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s real motives for his region in trying to fight racism. He established a mission for civi l rights called United States Commission On cultured Rights.\r\nThe FECP which released a report titled Ã¢â¬ËTo secure These RightsÃ¢â¬â¢ in 1947, in which problems and solutions to combat discrimination were outlined. This was a dangerous move for Truman and his lack of support especially from the south do it difficult to follow through with the solutions his committee proposed. He used his authority to commix the army. This however was not as successful at first as umteen people (even top army generals) resisted it for as long as they could and there was still the same amount of racism.\r\nIt did change the status of black soldiers because they, technically, were on the same train as white soldiers. Another social function that Truman did was integrate his inauguration, which seems like a slim step but a step none the less showed that he was do a point against segregation. So while he did open the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes to the racism and discrimination that happened, in some ways he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t particularly change the status and even made it worse in some ways. For example some slums were knocked down to lay down better housing but the modification built was more spacious meaning less houses and many people were go forth homeless.\r\nIn conclusion, the status of black people did not change a diffuse in the years 1945-1955 even though there were some important breakthroughs, such as the Brown vs Topeka case and TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s attempts at reform. However I believe these attempts didnÃ¢â¬â¢t change the factual status of black people and the attitudes towards them by white people. Some could argue that the views of the USA were hypocritical, when fighting for freedom in other countries but couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t even provide equality at home. The years interest 1955 saw the civil rights movement nag up and changes in society.\r\n'
Thursday, December 20, 2018
'David Pajcin Insider Trading Scandal\r'
' honourable S undersidedal Analysis of: David Pajcin and Eugene Plotkin internalr Trading character Presented In Partial Fulfill ments of the Course Requirements for FIN 4615 international Banking Prep bed for: Marcos A. Kerbel Adjunct Professor De set outment of finance Florida International University Miami, Florida Prep bed by: David Kevin Vargas 2899406 (954) 443-4973 November 24, 2009 [pic] | |Academic silver dollar Policy | |Individual Assignment Cover varlet | |Submitted to: | |ÃÂ | |ÃÂ Prof. Marcos A. Kerbel | | | | |Submitted by: | |ÃÂ | |ÃÂ David Kevin Vargas | | | |Your Ph bingle Number: | |ÃÂ | |(954) 443-4973 | | | |Your e-mail: | |ÃÂ | |ÃÂ [email one hundred sixty;protected] du | | | |Date of Submission: | |ÃÂ | |November 24, 2009 | | | |Title of Assignment: | |ÃÂ | |ÃÂ ethical S placedal Analysis | | | |CERTIFICATION OF AUTHORSHIP: I certify that I am the author of this subject and that any assistance I received in its p reparation is fully acknow directged| |and dis refinementd in the theme.\r\nI withstand also cited any sources from which I expendd data, ideas or words; either quoted promptly or paraphrased I also | |certify that this paper was prepared by me specifically for this course. | | | |Signature | |____________________________________________________ | Ethical Scandal Paper David Pajcin and Eugene Plotkin caseful What is the case well-nigh? This case is ab turn up two men, who along with to a greater extent mates and relatives, elaborated intricate insider commerce schemes.\r\nTheir plans convoluted forklift operators at a channel hebdomad notion plant, a mole at Merrill lynch & Co. , a chiliad juror in a fraudulent bill trial against Bristol-Myers Squibb, and several securities firm covers in naked York, atomic number 20 and Croatia. The duo and their friends would end up reaping net profit of close to $7 million during the short m their operations were active. The meetingÃ¢â¬â¢s have mistakes and avaritia drove them overboard and the long-reaching arm of the law ultimately caught up with them ending their plans and ambitions. Who was involved? David Pajcin He was one of the masterminds behind the insider avocation schemes. He was born in Clifton, N. J. o Croatian immigrants. He went to school in Jersey City and later attended Notre birdie University. He majored in economics and graduated source laude. With an impressive academic history, Pajcin got a theorize at the commodities group at Goldman Sachs after(prenominal)wards he got out of university in 2000. However, he did non stay long. He left after five and a one-half months. Pajcin said he did not want to be stuck functional on the affair floors like ein truthone else. He took a series of similar jobs in small firms in unsanded York but he never stayed in one of them for to a greater extent than a join of months. Finally, in 2003, he stopped looking for jobs and star ted on the job(p) for himself. Eugene Plotkin\r\nHe was the opposite half of the operation and close friend of David Pajcin. Born in Russia, Plotkin moved to California and lived outside San Francisco as a child. He indeed went to the California Institute of Technology but transferred to Harvard after one year. Plotkin studied economics in that respect and graduated in 2000. He went on to Goldman Sachs where he started running(a) as a fixed-income research analyst in the first place being promoted to associate. That is where he met his future abetter _or_ abettor-in-crime (Pajcin) and where he stayed working at until his arrest in 2006. At that snip he had a six figure wage in one of the most prestigious companies in surround Street, a good place to be by anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s standards.\r\nStanislav Shpigelman A back upary character, Shpigelman was a 23 year-old University of New York graduate. He and Plotkin had met at a college recruiting drive where Goldman Sachs had sent P lotkin to. The two kept in touch and one sidereal day met at health club 88 in New York where they struck a deal and started working together on an insider trading scheme. Shpigelman provided Pajcin and Plotkin with inside cultivation somewhat assertable mergers and eruditenesss his company, Merrill lynch & Co. , was working on. The biggest tip he gave involved the acquisition of Reebok International by GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s Adidas, in which Pajcin and his group do $6 million. Sonja Anticevic\r\nShe is a retired underwear seamstress, who lives in Croatia, she also come acrosss to be David PajcinÃ¢â¬â¢s aunt. Anticevic came into the scheme when she let her nephew use an account under her name to lead his tradings. Monika Vujovic She was an exotic dancer who worked in New YorkÃ¢â¬â¢s finest gentlemenÃ¢â¬â¢s clubs; she was also David PajcinÃ¢â¬â¢s girlfriend. She became involved by letting her boyfriend use her accounts to agree investments. Vujovic additively trie d to help Pajcin by acquire authorized knowledge from investment bankers who she danced for. That scheme never worked though. Jason metalworker He was an old high school friend of David Pajcin and worked as a U. S. postal worker in New Jersey.\r\nmetalworker had been selected to be a part of a federal grand jury in Newark that was hearing a case about possible fraudulent accounting practices at Bristol-Myers Squibb. Pajcin got information from metalworker about the possible outcomes of the case and started trading ground on those tips. No profits were do from SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s information though. Nickolaus Shuster He was a 23 year-old New Jersey native whom David Pajcin recruited in New York to get information on stocks mentioned in Business workweekÃ¢â¬â¢s column Ã¢â¬ËInside Wall StreetÃ¢â¬â¢. He went to Wisconsin to get a job at the plant where the magazine was printed. Pajcin would pay him amongst $200 and $500 for each Business Week issue he stole. Juan Renteria Jr.\r\ nHe was the second man to be hired to get information from the Business Week printing plant. Nickolaus Shuster was fired for unnamed reasons so Renteria was sent to replace him in middle 2005. In total, Pajcin and his group made 48 trades and $280,000 in gains using the information received from the Wisconsin plant. Scott B pretermit The S. E. C. older trial counsel who interrogated David Pajcin about the trades he made and the connection between the Business Week articles and his finis to buy certain stocks. Black spent more than 8 hours talking with Pajcin before his arrest and uncover damning information he would later use against Pajcin to convince him to cooperate with the authorities.\r\nDavid Markowitz He was the Securities Exchange relegation (S. E. C. ) lawyer in charge of prosecuting David Pajcin and his accomplices. He led the investigation after the Market Surveillance unit of measurement at the S. E. C. caught strange patterns and high volume of options trading t he day before the Adidas-Reebok deal would hit the airwaves. When and where did it happen? The insider trading ring conducted their operations between the autumns of 2004 and 2005. In that short period of time Pajcin and Plotkin had devised about 4 schemes that would help them make huge profits in the short term. The main operations where done in New York where the two masterminds lived.\r\nHowever the people involved could be lay down as close as California and as far as Croatia. Eugene PlotkinÃ¢â¬â¢s father (Mikhail Plotkin) who traded on inside information provided by his son was in California. The plant where Business Week was printed was in Wisconsin. The case from which Pajcin got tips from one of the jurors was being perceive in New Jersey. The account Pajcin used to trade under his auntÃ¢â¬â¢s name was in Croatia. It was definitely a widespread ring of participants. Pajcin and his partner also had other accounts opened in Austria, Denmark and Germany concord to S. E. C complaints. Why did it happen? Both David Pajcin and Eugene Plotkin were very bright and had promising careers in Wall Street.\r\nIt was the lure to make grand amounts of money that lured them into the wrong path. They pattern they could deal on inside information and not be caught because they were using other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s names to trade with. In the end their own greed is what called the attention of the government and what brought their operations down. The lack of supervision at the Wisconsin printing plant and at the brokerage companies where the accounts were opened also contributed to this scandal occurring. How can it have been avoided? The main driver for the actions taken by the masterminds was internal. Their will to become rich overnight pushed them into respite the law.\r\n naught could have curtailed their desire to make more money at all costs, but the move they took to make their ill-gotten profits could have probably been spotted and taken care of before t hey started generating so much money. Having better surveillance at the printing plant where Business Week was being made would have forestalled Shuster and Renteria from stealing copies to later relay the information in them to Pajcin and Plotkin. Knowing that the stocks mentioned in the column Ã¢â¬ËInside Wall StreetÃ¢â¬â¢ were usually moved by either a good or unfit review from the columnÃ¢â¬â¢s author should have led the managers of that plant to enforce higher levels of surveillance.\r\nThe brokerage firms where Pajcin and Plotkin had their accounts could have also been more meticulous about their surveillance. It was reported in July 2005 that a customer return representative from Ameritrade got a peculiar call postulation to change the restrictions on an account. The account belonged to Monika Vujovic but it was David Pajcin on the other side of the line. The Ameritrade representative recalled there was something queer about that call but unfortunately the account i n question went on without being investigated or much less frozen. The company should have at least taken steps to verify the identity element of the true owner of the account after getting a call like that.\r\nOther ship canal that might have pr howeverted, or helped prevent, the large-scale insider trading frauds would have been detecting the wetting of information from Merrill Lynch (through Stanislav Shpigelman) earlier as well as the leak coming from Jason Smith, the juror in the Bristol-Myers Squibb case. What was the outcome? afterward the initial S. E. C. complaints against Sonja Anticevic, it was soon reform that the authorities were expiry to go after David Pajcin. So he fled to the friar preacher Republic immediately to avoid getting caught. notwithstanding even though the S. E. C. did not have the indorsement to keep him from leaving the country, they did have the authority to impede his bank accounts.\r\nIt was not long before Pajcin found himself in need of cas h. The prosecutors sent Pajcin an e-mail where they told him the tho way to get his money back was by going back to New York to give a deposition. The greed was strong enough in Pajcin to make him go back to the United States. Once there he was interrogated by Scott Black and later arrested for insider trading. He was quickly convinced to cooperate with the authorities to swirl down on the remaining ring members. David Pajcin thus started working with the S. E. C. to close all the gaps in the case. In the end six people were sentenced on January 2008. The men sentenced were; Jason Smith, Nickolaus Shuster, Juan Renteria Jr. Stanislav Shpigelman, Eugene Plotkin and David Pajcin. For sharing information about upcoming mergers, Shpigelman got 3 days in prison. For insider trading and conspiracy, Eugene Plotkin got 5 years in prison. Pajcin on the other hand, was sentenced to 2 years in prison because of his cooperation but was released the day of the sentencing because by 2008 he had already served 2 years while working with the S. E. C. Civil suits were presented against six other people who were involved in the scheme, including Monika Vujovic and Sonja Anticevic. The case looked unopen until November 2008, when it was reported David Pajcin had violated the terms of his 3-year supervised release. Nobody knew where e was, it was presumed he was out of the country, but it was clear he was now going to face additional jail time for failing to report to his probation officer. What can be learned from it? Clearly the lessons from this scandal are the same everyone should have already known from historic insider trading scandals. Even though the gains made by this group were not tremendously big, the law and regulators went after it with all the resources available to them. It should be noted that even the smartest and brightest graduates from the best schools in the country can be corrupt. Their careers, training and hard work was so tardily thrown away beca use of a major decease in judgment.\r\nDavid Pajcin and Eugene Plotkin, as well as those who helped them, are clear examples of the effects of greed on early impressionable minds. ——————————— 0 ——————————— References Anderson, Jenny and Michael J. De La Merced. Ã¢â¬Å"An Insider-Trading Case With a B-Movie Plot. Ã¢â¬Â New York Times. 30 April 2006. 08 November 2009. Gimbel, Barney. Ã¢â¬Å"Partners in Crime. Ã¢â¬Â Fortune. 04 October 2006. 12 November 2009. Glovin, David. Ã¢â¬Å"Ex-Goldman Analyst May Have Fled After Cooperating. Ã¢â¬Â Bloomberg. 04 November 2008. 30 October 2009. Ã¢â¬Å"Where is Fugitive David Pajcin?. Ã¢â¬Â Securities Docket. 13 March 2009. 30 October 2009. Ã¢â¬Å"A Scam Exposed: Strippers and Insider Trading. Ã¢â¬Â American Greed. Video. CNBC, 2009.\r\n'
Wednesday, December 19, 2018
'Role of Literature in the Age of Technology\r'
' literary works refers to the realm of letters and the writings of a ill-tempered period, mostly those whose value lies in the beauty of diverseness or emotional effect. Technology is the scholarship of the industrial arts. Scientists have played an important role in promoting human welfargon, but the benefits of science whitethorn not have reached the masses, at any rate in ample measure, without technical devices and practical applications. We live in the conception of nigh(prenominal) science and engineering science and many an(prenominal) tribe, who lead a rather superficial determine of things, have begun to feel that in the technological world of tomorrow the role of lit seems poor.In fact, writings in its pure form is believed to have little affinity with science and engineering science. Science provides knowledge and world power and some(prenominal) science and technology affect human liveness at several points, though the extent and expediency of the appl ications are determined by our culture, our wisdom and our priorities. books reflects the moods and emotions of the times in which it is produced; it is conditioned by the reflexes which, in turn, are pull ind by the impact of science and technology.Modern technology increasingly dominates the world, and the domination is likely to become more pronounced in future, because of the fast developments functioning to check creative human thinking and expression. and the dogma that literature would have no place in future and in futuristic calculations is erroneous. There is no reason to believe that the mechanical way of life, in which our actions are governed more and more by com frameing device culture and electronic calculators of tout ensemble types, will revoke the endowment of writers, authors, poets, biographers and artists.Technology does not discourage natural, multi expectted talent; rather, it generally evokes the climate for expressions of talent in unnumerable channels. All round successfulness helps a owing(p) deal in creating literature of lasting value, and it is technology which has made many countries wealthy and prosperous. Jawaharlal Nehru cautioned us some four decades ago that it was exclusively through and through the gain of technology that our awkwarfared would become prosperous.In some cases technological development and automation may cause misery, through the resultant unemployment, for instance. But it has to be noted that both science and technology overly provide surplus avenues for employment; countries which boast of maximum employment, or nearly so, are those which are technologically advanced. In fact, our country may go down, instead of progressing fast, if we do not keep pace with technological developments and march in step, as far as possible, with the industrialised and technologically progressive nations.It is not only for the sake of the stuff benefits, the comforts and conveniences of life that we mu st select for the latest technological processes, charge by discarding our traditional practices, but for our art and literature, too, we shall have to make the outmatch of technology, which would enable talented people to put in their best in art and literature. Some people think and they have a reason for doing so, that since science demolishes faith and tradition, it tends to produce scepticism, anxiety and even tensions, and it doubts everything, even cherished values.Science has eliminated superstitions. Technology helps to provide weapons of war; war stimulates technologists, but it depresses the artists and those who prepare literary pieces. Sensitivity and the embolden to create new masterpieces hold up suppressed; judicious destruction, bloodshed and hostilities ruin the very climate that helps to create literature and artistic masterpieces. Culture and literature, after all, evidence the cultivation of mans inner nature.Culture prompts men and women to seek matinee idol; they are not motivated by marvel and the end little sense of enquiry which characterise scientists and technologists. literary works expresses feelings and innermost thoughts and ambitions, while technology has other ends and other fields to explore. Literature may at offset printing appear to be out of place in a technological milieu, but surely scientists and technologists do not encroach upon the field of literature. There seems to be no reason why both literature and technology stinkpotnot flourish side by side.A association that is highly progressive technologically may also become rich in literature. We may take the example of the worlds most industrially advanced country and the mightiest military power, the the States, where technology has registered unprecedented achievements and yet the USA has produced rich literature. Technology results in affluence and prosperity and economic prosperity promotes good literature and masterpieces in the arts. So there is no c ontraction involved. It is only during war and the all out preparations for war, that literature gets a setback.Science and technology, it has been truly said, have radically altered the face of civilisation, but nothing, not even the most in advance(p) mechanical devices and the most fruitful applications of new inventions, can change human nature or supervene upon human being, who must indeed remain in effective command of all scientific inventions and their day-by-day application. Technology has created robots, artificial intelligence in the trope of Ã¢â¬Å"thinking computersÃ¢â¬Â which can read, translate, interpret and give decisions with atrocious speed and accuracy.But not even the most civilize technological advances can by themselves produce literatureÃ¢â¬poetry, prose, plays, novels and stories. In a sense, science and technology may be said to be of direct attention in promoting literature, because they help to create leisure by introducing labour saving and time saving devices and by eliminating drudgery as well as duplication of effort. The leisure therefrom created can be put to literary pursuits. In such a context, the lecture of a contradiction between technology and literature is not well founded.Scientific know how may thus be viewed as technology which, examined dispassionately, has an important port on arts and literature. Good literature makes a lasting impact on the human intelligence; it entertains, instructs and ennobles the belief of human beings; it does not debase or corrupt the mind in any way, and it for sure does not lead to destruction of any dent of mankind. Science and its handmaid, technology, however, have placed in the transfer of man vicious and highly destructive tools in the shape of lethal weapons the like of which he has never had before.Literature builds, but technology, if misused by vicious statesmen and politicians may cause havoc on a vast scale, destroying both litterateurs and technologists with out discrimination. Technology does make for concentration and centralisation of economic and political activity. A persons individuality, sense of partnership and selflessness tend to get eroded. Where there is less patronage of art and talent, there is bound to be less of literature of permanent value, because the advanced spirit and mood are not there to promote it.The depersonalisation of modern life which, it appears, will get stronger as the years pass, is likely to discourage writers and poets; misery, worry and a generally noisy atmosphere are hardly conducive to the production of sound literature. But we need not give up all hope of a better world tomorrow, from the standpoint of culture and literature, simply because science and technology tend to predominate over human values. It is within the power and capacity of man, provided he exercises his sound judgment and pursues the right priorities to shape a better world, where literature flourishes on with industry and t echnology.\r\n'
Tuesday, December 18, 2018
'‘Eve Teasing’- a Social Curse\r'
'Ã¢â¬Ë eventidenntide questioning in Bangladesh -Causes and Remedies accession: Our Society is suffering from many social evils at the moment. One of the worst evils is the eventide badger. Now Eve tease is one of the main threats for Bangladesh because it is destroying the social balance. Eve teasing is a euphemism used for customary informal harassment, street harassment or molestation of women by men, with Eve being a reference to the scriptural Eve. It usu in ally involves young men annoying girls or women by making sexual innuendos in public or in work places.School and College gates or the street is the main target of the agencyward young men to disturb girls and women. Eve teasing begins as an attempt to irritate a girl or catch her attention. A lewd st be, a sleek whistle, a well-timed clap, an unwarranted bump, a evidently causal touch, a lingering look at a vulnerable time, the humming of suggestive song, flip downright uncouth comments, cheap gestures, displ ay of un bonny snaps or videos, giving Ã¢â¬Å"unwelcome callÃ¢â¬Â or Ã¢â¬Å"missed callÃ¢â¬Â, sending indecent texts Ã¢â¬Â¦. all these are typical examples of eve teasing. Impacts of Eve Teasing: Eve teasing might check outm inoffensive Ã¢â¬Ëfun to some, but gets the nerve of the victims. The severe impact of eve teasing is taking away the lives of young girls as Bangladesh has witnessed recently. Based on empirical study (2008) the hunger Project has identified some impacts of eve teasing in the society of rural Bangladesh. These are: a) Curtailed gentility: Sexual harassment increases girlsÃ¢â¬â¢ drop-out rate from school.Parents concerned rough their daughters honour or safety sometimes forbid their daughters home and/or marry them off at an early age. b) Early marriage: Girls who are titillated or harassed are in addition pushed into marriage, beforehand they are physically or mentally prepared. c) Hindered growth: Eve teasing contributes to maintaining the lo w status of women. It also hinders women in participating in the formal profession sector. d) Suicide cases: Teasing the young tender-hearted girls is increasing aggressively day by day. The outcome is the serial suicide of many innocent girls.Ain-O-Shalish Kendra (ASK), a human rights composition has revealed that 14 girls and women, due to repression of stalkers, opted for ultimate destiny of their lives conclusion no some other alternatives, over the past iv months. Moreover, girls and their guardians are being attacked and sometimes murdered, because they protested against it. Causes: In a male dominant society like ours, eve teasing can be viewed as a rite of passage for boys on their way to becoming men. To the society, in general, being male signifies Ã¢â¬Ëpowerful, while the pistillate is always a Ã¢â¬Ësecond sex or weaker one.Our gentility has no lesson stint, our religious exercises have belong ritualistic. Electronic media, especially some movies (both Hind i and Bengali) whitethorn be blamed for propagating eve teasing. Many movies absorb scenes of teasing, showing this behaviour as a way to win a womans heart. One statistics suggests, 32% of the eve teasers are students, 35% are anti-socials while 33% are middle-aged men. So, the spectrum of eve teasers is very widely starting from teenagers to middle-aged men, either illiterate or educated. In our country, yet now there is no strict law that can effectively see eve teasing.Article 76 of the Dhaka Metropolitan legal philosophy Ordinance 1976 of the Penal Code of 1860 affirms that any acts, conducts or verbal abuses that are used to disgrace women are penalizeable by law. However, these provisions seem meek compared with the crimes they commit. Sometimes, women are blamed for Ã¢â¬Ëalluring eve teasers by their Ã¢â¬Ëseductive dresses or make-ups. But the reality is, the majority girls who become the eat of eve teasers are from rural areas and they are much conservative in wea ring dresses compared with their counterparts in the urban areas. Remedies: First of all we need to reduce the sexual practice segregation in the society.The boys should respect the opposite sex, as morality demands it, adding that they should not be unaware to the accompaniment that they have families too. We also need to formulate a mass awareness programme in this context. Media, NGOs and other social organizations may play pivotal intention in this respect. Policemen must be deployed and conscious and should punish such vagabonds where necessary. Ã¢â¬Å"Mobile courtsÃ¢â¬Â are now empower to prosecute the crime of Ã¢â¬Å"Eve teasingÃ¢â¬Â. sentence brings a year in jail, a very well of $70, or both. Recently, the government is planning to introduce a strict law against eve teasing.No doubt, this is a well-timed step to move forward Conclusion: What we see happening today cannot be remedied by the employment of law alone. What is needed most is the proactive and emphati c role of the society to retrieve social and moral values which have eroded over the years. raising Ministry in Bangladesh has designated 13 June, 2010 as Eve Teasing Protection Day. To reduce this crime, we must launch a social movement against this in addition to introducing retributive legal measures. However, all the steps will be futile unless the male segment of the society tack its patriarchal mindset.\r\n'
Monday, December 17, 2018
'Of Power and Time Essay\r'
'Time The article by bloody shame Oliver is very deep and lustful in a way you canÃ¢â¬â¢t help moreover relate to, in a way you al just about understand where the writer is approach shot from. Through out this article the writer explains with out a rime of how it is to be a writer. The article fails to revolve approximately any circumstantial thing but does so with descriptive elegance. Oliver is talk through her poetry and ranking that she is her own self, and she allow for write down what she intends to.\r\nThrough her article she throws around the words Ã¢â¬Å"ordinary bicycleÃ¢â¬Â and Ã¢â¬Å"regularÃ¢â¬Â, she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t reckon to be referring to herself in anyway, perhaps it is her judgment or memory she is indeed referencing. The start of the article begins with the causation merely walking up on a crisp morning. Some matchless calls on her and she is forced to forego the thought she had on her mind. She continues to talk about the things that hire you off from your concentration, like privacy, pencils, paper, and erasers.\r\nShe describes how you can fork up an idea or thought on the very inch of your mind and just the slightest thing can strike it away, even if itÃ¢â¬â¢s the thought itself. She ponders upon the idea that a thought can drive away the aforementioned(prenominal) thought, then simultaneously switches to memories of her as a squirt ad how she is genuinely still the same. Ã¢â¬Å"most of my cultivation was intended to make me feel comfortable inside itÃ¢â¬Â (Mary Oliver). Mary Oliver then suggests that all of her education was not merely for her life use but just for comfort, which her education and views her discomfort as a benefit.\r\nShe seems to have a backwards view on things most wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t look at. She says that Ã¢â¬Å"The extraordinary is what art is really aboutÃ¢â¬Â, (Mary Oliver) suggests that she herself does not wish to be ordinary? In her thinking, you have to be a risk-taker lawsuit of person to be extraordinary. She is recklessly working away at 6 a. m. in the morning heedless of any social calls. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s trying to say that no matter what happens, it is up to her to get the poem written like as if she is completely dedicate to it. She describes her attachment as loyalty towards the poem.\r\nWhen Oliver says to rejoice if she does not turn up for a meeting or event, she is trying to say; be happy for me, because I will be writing poetry. In MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, the most regretful people ar those who felt the call to be great but didnÃ¢â¬â¢t act upon it. Mary Oliver is a ambitious writer to understand but through it all, one could see what she is truly trying to say. Bibliography Oliver, Mary. Ã¢â¬Å"Of Power and Time. Ã¢â¬Â sullen Pastures (1995).\r\n'
Saturday, December 15, 2018
' study out educes governingal theories\r\nOrganizational behavior is a on-line(prenominal) growing field. The field is highly influential in business world. Organizational is becoming more chief(prenominal) in the global economy as population with diverse backgrounds and cultural measure out obligate to lop together effectively and efficiently. Organizational theory is a fundamental system in an shapingal frame endure, whereby its mingled dynamic goals oriented processes where it considers a general wider for aiming to copy and design human disposals. In an validation demand is the first key word that managers emphasis to their employee, in that location argon many motivation theory in an formation, such(prenominal) as attribution theory, equity theory, incentive theory and emotional labor in organizations.\r\nThe historic of organizational theory in an organizational, prudence has to have a perspective approach of its client so that its development in the field of targeting its goals can be reached. Managers in an organization as the task to demonstrate sure the entity of the organization is being recognized in wrong of the products, social structure, technology, culture and physical structures and to pay back sure the product has role to attract and arrest the stability of the organization in terms of competition of other and in modern sidereal day to day life.\r\nOrganizational theories also gives a better underlying skills, to emend the attitude of the employees so that they can bat and increase their uncoercedness in take awaying new things on the job they do. Employees find that they perform better because their improve morale and self-esteem make them more willing and able to respond to ch whollyenges confronting them on the job. They also happen upon the value of investing time and energy in continuous becomeing as a enumerate of understanding and appreciation of their role within the organization, this is because of t he theories of organization that enhance the commitment and willing of employees self creed in their work.\r\nIn terms of vigilance similitude between its employees, non only have heighten among co-workers, it also have an increase sense of group spirit camaraderie. If the management increases its willingness so that they will come to a win solution, the management has to respect the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s needs, which have buy the farm to the increasing sense of understanding and appreciation among the employees and the management.\r\nOrganizational behavior has three major disciplines that has to be describe and taken serious, because it contribute a lot to the succession of any running organization, this disciplines ar sociology, psychology and anthropology. This disciplines are important in organization because they future the cultural behavior of an organization, the cultural of an organization includes custom, rules, practices, beliefs, values, assumptions, norms, arts and skills, these gives an existence of and organization, how the organization works and how the work should be done.\r\nThese cultures also relate the performance of all employees and give relation to others in the organization and to those outside. Organization does not work without power; it works with power of leaders so that the organization should have deputation of working and fulfill the goals that are support to be implemented and to target the succession of the organizational goals. The organization parley exists despite the fact that the value of subaltern employees are given less opportunity to express their views and grievance, so that the power of the senior employees may not affect the growth of an organization.\r\nChallenges facing the organization talk\r\nAs diversity in an organization grows, so does complexity of communication and the necessity to spend greater effort developing improved communication skills. reservation the most diversity in employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s compact requires the commitment of all involved such as managers, leaders and chairman to interact with all management board so as to face the challenges of communication. This has to formal and implement by the management so that managers has to witness to listen and invite others to be apart of the discussion.\r\nThe management has categorically to give way of understanding so that their will be no misjudge of non-homogeneous people because of the ability of performance of work. The manger has to learn to communicate clearly and fairly. This all has to be pick out in an organization so that to give communication style to fit the situation. Both the managers and employees are the makers of the thriving organization to be the best one to work in the world. The efforts of the employees should be encourage and be adulation by the managers, that to give smooth ground of communication.\r\nIssues that employees ill-treat in an organization Many leaders in organization fail to rea lize that their attitude and behaviors are having a negative influence on the organization and the employees, which makes employee not to have healthy and good environs of working place, this makes the employee ill-use the organization in terms of leadership values and ethics. Leaders bullying employees in workplace, this literally kills the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s motives and hard work he/she sacrifices in the organization. The working condition of organization such as mobbing, sweeping and collecting garbage it leads to employees abuse and also the payment condition, overtime, and leave this all encourages the employees not to perform well, thus diversity of communication emerges and by and by poor performance of an organization.\r\nValues and ethics in leadership communication The secret of leaders values and their ethic behavior should be visible in leaders daily in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world because the action you have to do makes you be the leader. Leader should have such values analo gous ambition, dedication, respect, accuracy, improvement, enjoyment/fun and loyalty, this values help a leader to have good communication skills and diminish of harmony to its employees. As a leader, ethics and value should define the character, this help a leader to lead and influence to others and make other people tone important and appreciatable. (Miller, 2005).\r\nReference\r\nMiller, K. (2005). Organizational communication: Approaches and Processes. Thomson Wadswarth.\r\n \r\n'
Friday, December 14, 2018
'Osmosis Lab Report\r'
'Osmosis Rates in painted Cells Daniel George Department of biota Grand valley advance University 1 Campus Drive All wipe breakale, MI 49401 [email genius hundred sixty;protected] gvsu. edu vellicate The laboratory for this paper was conducted for the topic of osmosis, the heading of piss from lavishly to low meanness. Five stylised electric stalls were created, sepa arrangely universe modify with incompatible knock come to the fore solvents of sucrose. These stilted carrels were postured in hypertonic, hypotonic, or isosmotic resultant roles for a period of 90 min. Over time, the roam of osmosis was mensurable by calculating the cant of from sepa set outly one faux mobile phone on given intervals (e actually 10 turns).The resulting cant overs were save and the info was graphed. We and so could draw conclusions on the lab. opening spreading and Osmosis be two nonions that go fall out in hand with distributively otherwise. Diffusion is exactly described as the driving force of a warmness from a region of high submerging to a region of low niggardness. In some other words, the inwardness repulse out move down its tautness side which is Ã¢â¬Å"the region along which the density of a chemic substance increases or decreasesÃ¢â¬Â (Campbell biota pg. 132). If you put one over the concept of dispersal then osmosis is a in truth transparent process.It pot be defined as the dispersion of piddle across a pervious tissue layer. Osmosis can be kioskular or faux, so tied(p) though we are creating ersatz carrells in this lab, it is unflurried considered to be osmosis. During osmosis, a solvent is stressful to develop by factor of a selectively leaky tissue layer to make the submersion of that solvent the akin on some(prenominal) sides of the membrane. The rate of osmosis depends on the instance of environs the electric cell is in. There are one-third antithetical environss that a cell can keep an eye on itself in, a hypertonic environment, a hypotonic environment, or an isotonic environment.The environment a cell is in get out determine its tonicity which is Ã¢â¬Å"the ability of a touch dissolving agent to bear a cell to hit or ache cargoÃ¢â¬Â (Campbell biota pg. 133). Ã¢â¬Å"In a hypertonic firmness, the cell ordain lose piddle, shrivel up, and most likely go acrossÃ¢â¬Â (Campbell biology pg. 133). The reason this happens is because at that place is a high soaking up of pee in the cell then there is in the environment the cell is in. alike I said in the first place, piddle travels down its concentration incline from high concentration to low concentration.So the pissing internal(a) the cell impart cross the membrane and give in into the answer removed the cell and it pass on persist in to do this until the concentration internal the cell membrane and outside the cell membrane are mates. The contrary of this would be if the cell was in a solution that is hypotonic to the cell. In a hypotonic solution, Ã¢â¬Å" wet would enter the cell faster than it leaves and the cell bequeath swell up and lyse (burst)Ã¢â¬Â (Campbell biology pg. 134). This leave behind as well cause the cell to die. Both a hypertonic and hypotonic solution are very pestiferous to cell and in most cases give cause the death of the cell.A solution that a cell wants to be in is an isotonic solution. If the concentration of urine in the cell and in the surrounding environment is equal, there entrust be no salary movement of body of piddle across the membrane and because the cell impart not shrivel up or swell up. ). An guess into has been conducted to find out whether or not osmosis is march onring by using imitation cells make of dialysis thermionic vacuum tube. To test this guess the audition depart denominate the change in weight of apiece staged cell across a 90 minute time span.The experiment will similarly record which type of environment (as previously stated) to each one cell is place in and taken out of to be weighed. Materials and Methods This experiment will look at the personal effects of various sucrose concentrations on the rate of osmosis in artificial cells made up of dialysis supply. To put down the experiment one strip of dialysis tubing will be fill up with 10mL of exploit piddle, the second will be filed with 10mL of 20% sucrose, the third with 10mL of 40% sucrose, the quartern with 10mL of 60% sucrose, and the fifth handle will be filled with 10mL of court peeing also.The dialysis tubing will be clamped at one end in fix to fill it and then clamped at the other end to seal the filled bag. If the bag is not fluffy and floppy, the experiment will not work. blot a bag with a paper towel to mesh the moisture and weigh it, if this blotting process is not do it could interfere with the weight readings creating inaccurate information. later on the bags of th e solutions are prepared, they will be position into fin different beakers with different solutions. Beakers 1-4 will be filled with dab piss and the fifth beaker is filled with 40% sucrose and water.Fill each beaker with just enough water or solution so that the bag is cover and place the bags in the beakers simultaneously and record each time. every 10 min the bags are to be taken out, blotted, and weighed a pull before returning them rachis into their individual beaker for another 10 min. The process is tell until you consume reached 90 min. The weights should be recorded in grams (g). Results turn off 1 shows the contents of the bags and the content of the concentration it was subaqueous in. notecases 2-4 each contain a solution of both sucrose and water. These bags were each dedicate into beakers containing hypertonic solution.These bags bring ined weight over time because the water move from its high concentration inside the beaker to the low concentration inside the membrane of the artificial cell, the membrane being the bags that consisted of dialysis tubing. The water will continue to move through the pores of the dialysis tubing into the concentration of water is the equivalent in the beaker as well as inside the artificial cell. radical 1, consisting of water, was also put into a breakers containing water. The weight of this bag remains the same because it was put in an isotonic solution, where the concentration of water was the same.Because of this, osmosis does not occur. The die bag (bag 5) contained only water whereas the beaker it was immersed in was a solution of 40% sucrose. The solution is a hypertonic solution because the concentration of water was high inside the artificial cell then outside the cell membrane, inside the beaker. Because of this, the weight of bag 5 change magnitude as time went on because water was incessantly leaving the bag through the pores of the dialysis tubing in an attempt to make the concentra tion of water equal inside and outside of the bag.As you can see from the results plot in Graph 1, the bags that were put into a hypotonic solution gained weight over time, whereas the bag that was put into a hypertonic solution broken weight over time. Conclusion/ Discussion As you look over the results of this experiment it is clear that hence osmosis does occur in an artificial cell with a permeable membrane made of dialysis tubing. As the data shows, the artificial cells that were placed in hypotonic solutions had a gain in weight, the artificial cell that was placed in a hypertonic solution addled weight, and the cell placed in an isotonic solution full pointed the same.The measuring of weight gained or lost depends on how concentrated the solutions are, and this did not show in our results (Graph 1). Ã¢â¬ÂThe rate of diffusion or osmosis is dependent on such factors as temperature, partial size, and the concentration gradientÃ¢â¬Â (general Biology I Laboratory exper iments and exercises pg. 3-1). The cell containing 60% sucrose should hasten ended up being heavier than the cells containing 20% and 40% sucrose, but an error must receive occurred during our lab that changed the data that was collected.All in all, the results still assure our hypothesis that osmosis does occur in artificial cells. This means that when an artificial cell is placed in a hypotonic solution, it will gain weight. If an artificial cell is placed in a hypertonic solution it will lose weight, and if it is placed in an isotonic solution it will stay the same. There are many reasons why our data could have been misleading, persist it was a small hole in one of the dialysis bags, or a faulty denture, or the softness to plot the bags dry before unhurriedness.To better this experiment I believe you should have a scale for each of the bags so that you can weigh the bags and get them impale into their respective beaker of solution as quickly as possible. Also, I believe a more than palmy way of drying each bag before weighing needs to be introduced but the trim water on the outside of the bags could have rebelliously thrown off the data. References Patrick A. Thorpe (ed). (2013). Biology 120 General Biology I Laboratory Experiments an Exercises. Plymouth, MI: Hayden-McNeil Publishing.Reece, Urry, Cain, Wasserman, Minorsky, capital of Mississippi (eds). (2011). Campbell Biology Ninth Edition. San Fransico, CA: Pearson Education Inc.. base| Bag Contents| Beaker Contents| Bag is in a _____solution | Bag will _______ weight. | | 1| tap water| tap water| isotonic| stay the same| | 2| 20% sucrose| tap water| hypotonic| gain| | 3| 40% sucrose| tap water| hypotonic| gain| | 4| 60% sucrose| tap water| hypotonic| gain| | 5| tap water| 40% sucrose| hypertonic| lose| | | | | | | | tabularize 1 Graph 1 cartridge holder (MIN) TIME (MIN) W E I G H T (g) W E I G H T (g)\r\nOsmosis Lab Report\r\nOsmosis Rates in Artificial Cells Daniel George Department of Biology Grand Valley State University 1 Campus Drive Allendale, MI 49401 [email protected] gvsu. edu Abstract The lab for this paper was conducted for the topic of osmosis, the movement of water from high to low concentration. Five artificial cells were created, each being filled with different concentrated solutions of sucrose. These artificial cells were placed in hypertonic, hypotonic, or isotonic solutions for a period of 90 min. Over time, the rate of osmosis was measured by calculating the weight of each artificial cell on given intervals (every 10 minutes).The resulting weights were recorded and the data was graphed. We then could draw conclusions on the lab. Introduction Diffusion and Osmosis are two concepts that go hand in hand with each other. Diffusion is simply described as the movement of a substance from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration. In another words, the substance will move down its concentration gradient which is Ã¢â¬Å"the r egion along which the density of a chemical substance increases or decreasesÃ¢â¬Â (Campbell Biology pg. 132). If you understand the concept of diffusion then osmosis is a very simple process.It can be defined as the diffusion of water across a permeable membrane. Osmosis can be cellular or artificial, so even though we are creating artificial cells in this lab, it is still considered to be osmosis. During osmosis, a solvent is trying to get through a selectively permeable membrane to make the concentration of that solvent the same on both sides of the membrane. The rate of osmosis depends on the type of environment the cell is in. There are three different environments that a cell can find itself in, a hypertonic environment, a hypotonic environment, or an isotonic environment.The environment a cell is in will determine its tonicity which is Ã¢â¬Å"the ability of a surrounding solution to cause a cell to gain or lose weightÃ¢â¬Â (Campbell Biology pg. 133). Ã¢â¬Å"In a hypertonic solution, the cell will lose water, shrivel up, and most likely dieÃ¢â¬Â (Campbell Biology pg. 133). The reason this happens is because there is a higher concentration of water in the cell then there is in the environment the cell is in. Like I said before, water travels down its concentration gradient from high concentration to low concentration.So the water inside the cell will cross the membrane and enter into the solution outside the cell and it will continue to do this until the concentration inside the cell membrane and outside the cell membrane are equal. The opposite of this would be if the cell was in a solution that is hypotonic to the cell. In a hypotonic solution, Ã¢â¬Å"water would enter the cell faster than it leaves and the cell will swell up and lyse (burst)Ã¢â¬Â (Campbell Biology pg. 134). This will also cause the cell to die. Both a hypertonic and hypotonic solution are very harmful to cell and in most cases will cause the death of the cell.A solution that a c ell wants to be in is an isotonic solution. If the concentration of water in the cell and in the surrounding environment is equal, there will be no net movement of water across the membrane and therefore the cell will not shrivel up or swell up. ). An experiment has been conducted to find out whether or not osmosis is occurring by using artificial cells made of dialysis tubing. To test this hypothesis the experiment will show the change in weight of each artificial cell across a 90 minute time span.The experiment will also show which type of environment (as previously stated) each cell is placed in and taken out of to be weighed. Materials and Methods This experiment will look at the effects of various sucrose concentrations on the rate of osmosis in artificial cells made up of dialysis tubing. To begin the experiment one strip of dialysis tubing will be filled with 10mL of tap water, the second will be filed with 10mL of 20% sucrose, the third with 10mL of 40% sucrose, the fourth w ith 10mL of 60% sucrose, and the fifth bag will be filled with 10mL of tap water also.The dialysis tubing will be clamped at one end in order to fill it and then clamped at the other end to seal the filled bag. If the bag is not soft and floppy, the experiment will not work. Blot a bag with a paper towel to absorb the moisture and weigh it, if this blotting process is not done it could interfere with the weight readings creating inaccurate information. After the bags of the solutions are prepared, they will be placed into five different beakers with different solutions. Beakers 1-4 will be filled with tap water and the fifth beaker is filled with 40% sucrose and water.Fill each beaker with just enough water or solution so that the bag is covered and place the bags in the beakers simultaneously and record each time. Every 10 min the bags are to be taken out, blotted, and weighed again before returning them back into their respective beaker for another 10 min. The process is repeated until you have reached 90 min. The weights should be recorded in grams (g). Results Table 1 shows the contents of the bags and the content of the concentration it was submersed in. Bags 2-4 each contain a solution of both sucrose and water. These bags were each put into beakers containing hypertonic solution.These bags gained weight over time because the water moved from its high concentration inside the beaker to the low concentration inside the membrane of the artificial cell, the membrane being the bags that consisted of dialysis tubing. The water will continue to move through the pores of the dialysis tubing into the concentration of water is the same in the beaker as well as inside the artificial cell. Bag 1, consisting of water, was also put into a breaker containing water. The weight of this bag remains the same because it was placed in an isotonic solution, where the concentration of water was the same.Because of this, osmosis does not occur. The last bag (bag 5) contained o nly water whereas the beaker it was immersed in was a solution of 40% sucrose. The solution is a hypertonic solution because the concentration of water was higher inside the artificial cell then outside the cell membrane, inside the beaker. Because of this, the weight of bag 5 decreased as time went on because water was constantly leaving the bag through the pores of the dialysis tubing in an attempt to make the concentration of water equal inside and outside of the bag.As you can see from the results plotted in Graph 1, the bags that were put into a hypotonic solution gained weight over time, whereas the bag that was put into a hypertonic solution lost weight over time. Conclusion/ Discussion As you look over the results of this experiment it is clear that indeed osmosis does occur in an artificial cell with a permeable membrane made of dialysis tubing. As the data shows, the artificial cells that were placed in hypotonic solutions had a gain in weight, the artificial cell that was placed in a hypertonic solution lost weight, and the cell placed in an isotonic solution stayed the same.The amount of weight gained or lost depends on how concentrated the solutions are, and this did not show in our results (Graph 1). Ã¢â¬ÂThe rate of diffusion or osmosis is dependent on such factors as temperature, partial size, and the concentration gradientÃ¢â¬Â (General Biology I Laboratory experiments and exercises pg. 3-1). The cell containing 60% sucrose should have ended up being heavier than the cells containing 20% and 40% sucrose, but an error must have occurred during our lab that changed the data that was collected.All in all, the results still prove our hypothesis that osmosis does occur in artificial cells. This means that when an artificial cell is placed in a hypotonic solution, it will gain weight. If an artificial cell is placed in a hypertonic solution it will lose weight, and if it is placed in an isotonic solution it will stay the same. There are many rea sons why our data could have been misleading, weather it was a small hole in one of the dialysis bags, or a faulty scale, or the inability to plot the bags dry before weighing.To better this experiment I believe you should have a scale for each of the bags so that you can weigh the bags and get them back into their respective beaker of solution as quickly as possible. Also, I believe a more successful way of drying each bag before weighing needs to be introduced but the excess water on the outside of the bags could have defiantly thrown off the data. References Patrick A. Thorpe (ed). (2013). Biology 120 General Biology I Laboratory Experiments an Exercises. Plymouth, MI: Hayden-McNeil Publishing.Reece, Urry, Cain, Wasserman, Minorsky, Jackson (eds). (2011). Campbell Biology Ninth Edition. San Fransico, CA: Pearson Education Inc.. Bag| Bag Contents| Beaker Contents| Bag is in a _____solution | Bag will _______ weight. | | 1| tap water| tap water| isotonic| stay the same| | 2| 20% su crose| tap water| hypotonic| gain| | 3| 40% sucrose| tap water| hypotonic| gain| | 4| 60% sucrose| tap water| hypotonic| gain| | 5| tap water| 40% sucrose| hypertonic| lose| | | | | | | | Table 1 Graph 1 TIME (MIN) TIME (MIN) W E I G H T (g) W E I G H T (g)\r\n'
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