Monday, March 25, 2019
Xenotransplantation and Human Fetal Tissue Transplantation :: Biology Biological Science Essays
Xenotransplantation and Human Fetal Tissue TransplantationABSTRACT The ecofeminist critical review of dualism is applied to a consideration of two alternative paths that we might take for in transplantation medicine the utilization of organs and tissues taken from dehumanised animals, and/or further development of techniques for employing human organs and tissues, including human fetal tissue. It is concluded that from an evolutionary perspective, the assumption of a vast care for contrast between human and nonhuman life is untenable, and from a moral draw of view the establishment of yet another institution based on a dualistic opposition between human life, postulated to be of eventual(prenominal) value, versus deprecious, disposable other life is unacceptable. We are urged to forego xenotransplantation and quite take responsibility for whatever manipulations we choose, respectfully, to make with life that is already valued as ego rather than other. Technological advances in biomedicine are occurring with change magnitude rapidity at this time in human history, far more(prenominal) rapidly than most of us have been able to comprehend and valuate them. Yet it is imperative that we strive to do so, because we are faced with a choice of paths to pursue, paths that may lead in ever more divergent directions with regard to how we conceive of ourselves as humans and our relation to the rest of the lifelike world. How might ecofeminism, an approach developing at bottom environmental philosophy, be relevant to issues of biomedical ethics, and in particular to the topics of xenotransplantation and the use of human fetal tissue? Precisely because a central strand within the estimable controversies surrounding such issues has to do with the way we differentiate between self and other, and ecofeminism directly addresses the linkage that may be established between the self-versus-other greenback and dualistic thinking, the drawing of sharp binary opposi tions that carry heavy value disparities, an orientation that is seen to underlie relations of domination, oppression and exploitation that abound within western culture. I have designated my own emerging view an evolutionary ecofeminist position to underscore the importance of contemporary evolutionary biologys affirmation of the persistency between human life and other forms of life, a continuity that is be disregarded when we conceptualize the self-versus-other distinction according to a dualistic invention of thought.Xenotransplantation, the transplantation of tissues and organs from other animal species into human beings, is conceived by close to as the answer to the organ shortage problem currently more than 45,000 persons are on the waiting list for organ transplantation within the U.