Saturday, March 30, 2019

‘Nature Versus Nurture’ as Predictors of Happiness

Nature Versus Nurture as Predictors of HappinessPauline Tovee save a critical discussion es tell in response to the followers task, based on your close reading of any 5 of the ecstasy source texts, texts 1 10Draw on any five of the ten sources texts, discuss the relative importance of character versus nurture as predictors of happinessThis assignment will discuss the relative importance of nature versus nurture as predictors of happiness. The assignment will similarly comp be and personal line of credit all sides of the equation and discuss which is the most important as a predictor of happiness nature or nurture or whether both(prenominal) pass water a bearing on happiness. The stance taken in this assignment is that neither nature or nurture john conform to the role of a unity predictor, and that the combining of both the genetic and environmental factors, contribute to happiness. Defining happiness is non an easy task to accomplish. However, it tail be argued that a simple definition of happiness is a one of positivity which covers a whole range of feelings or emotions, from pleasure to gratification. (Spoors et al, as cited in text edition 2, L185, 2014).On one hand, with regard to nature, it has been argued a healthy lifestyle equates to a happy brain. Sugar has also been explored as having an important role deep down our brains and bodies, to keep a stable cadence available continuously. The blood sugar within ones form fluctuates throughout the day thus when the sugar level is at its spinning top one feels elated or happy within ones mood span. However, when ones blood sugar level has decimated to a low level, moods can intensify to one of irritability and tiredness, thus the cells do not get enough of the chemicals they require to function correctly.Then again, it has also been debated, brain activity is also a way of gauging happiness by simply inquiring of mint on how happy that were at a particular time, though this is not speci fically accurate. If two masses say they are comparatively happy, one can still not be accepted that both individuals are, in reality, encountering exactly the same intensity of happiness. A procedure used by Davidson, with the use of an electroencephalograph (EEG), measures action within the brain, including split of the brain which are not active. The active part of the brain produces electrical pulses. These are selected by the electrodes located on the head. However, what Davidson did discover was that in people who stated they were feeling happy and cheerful, the action in the frontal range of the brain, on the left-hand side was more active. When pessimistic thoughts were portrayed, there was more action in the frontal area of the brain on the right side. (Spoors et al, as cited in text 3, L185, 2014)However, nurture can also sportswoman its role in the pursuit of happiness with respect to social influences. masses who are loved and valued by their families are more apparent to have happy dispositions than those who are undervalued and exploited by their conflicting roles within the family circle. People who are involved within formal occupations or those who utilisation in the home, for example those who study, care for others (including children) and those who work taking care of the home, can each form a foundation of happiness. Work does not provided provide people with financial support, but can also devolve people a sense of achievement and add meaning to their lives. calamus Warr (2007) equates employment to having ones daily dose of vitamins, a certain amount of which is need for wellbeing and health. Richard Layard (2008) claims Unemployment (in the broadest sense) can reduce happiness by destroying self-respect and the positive social relationships created by workIn addition, researchers in psychology claim people who live in western confederation are, by and large, more happy than those in other societies in a survey taken of approximately 80,000 people in over 178 die countries. Adrian White created a happiness level of these countries. At the highest position was Denmark which was trailed well-nigh by Switzerland, Austria and Iceland. However, countries such as Zimbabwe and Burundi were the least happiest countries. Researchers have suggested people who are living in countries whose economy is developing, whitethorn well have more amounts of happiness, which clearly define the feeling of contentment than, for example, those who live in western societies. Further research done by the New political economy Foundation in 2006, discovered that the Pacific Island of Vanuatu, was purported to be the happiest nation on Earth, even though it is one of the poorest countries. (Spoors et al, as cited in Text 6, L185, 2014).In comparison, the question can be asked time and time again are we the product of either our genes or simply of our environment, the physical, social and also the cultural? As Phoenix argue s, Whilst psychological debates are often presented as dichotomies (fixidty versus change nature versus nurture), these debates should not be seen as requiring either/or choices (Phoenix, A. 2007, as cited in Text 1, L185, 2014)From evidence available, being naturally happy (by nature) and a in a nurturing (environment and experience) happiness, can influence peoples happiness. Research has shown that twins who are indistinguishable (have identical genes) are more comparable in their levels of happiness, than a set of twins who do not have the same identical genes. Layard argues Scientists have shown that our family relationships are more important than any other single factor affecting our happiness. (Layard, 2005). whitethornbe the fundamental message is that the volume of people, irrespective of their genes or their environment, are able to take the key move to expand their levels of contentment, for example happiness and their emotional wellbeing. Happiness does not only come from outside influences and our environment, but also from within ones self. Neither of the two is in conflict with each other. The true pilgrim fights the evils of the homo out there and cultivates the spirit within (Layard, 2005 as cited in L185, Text 7).In conclusion the evidence indicates that although nature and nurture do happen an important role within ones dreams of happiness, they are not separate in that role. The influence of each position contributes to happiness as a whole. It is not easy to define happiness completely what may be complete contentment for one person is not the same for another, for we are all different in our genetic makeup and our environment and general upbringing.Word Count 1025ReferencesThe Open University (2012), L185, English for pedantic Purposes, EMA, Text 1 Avoiding Dichotomies in Psychological Thinking onlinehttps//learn2.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=302192section=3.2 (accessed 17 may 2014)The Open University (2012), L185, English for Academic Purposes, EMA, Text 2 What Makes Us clever? online https//learn2.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=302192section=3.2 (accessed 17 May 2014)The Open University (2012), L185, English for Academic Purposes, EMA, Text 3 What Makes Us quick-witted Happy Brains onlinehttps//learn2.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=302192section=3.3 (accessed 17 May 2014)The Open University (2012), L185, English for Academic Purposes, EMA, Text 6 What Makes Us Happy Social Influences onlinehttps//learn2.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=302192section=3.6 (accessed 17 May 2014)The Open University (2012), L185, English for Academic Purposes, EMA, Text 7 Naturally Happy and Nurturing Happiness onlinehttps//learn2.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=302192section=3.7 (accessed 17 May 2014)

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